1994 Mokokchung Massacre

Deaths 12
Location Mokokchung, Nagaland
Died Unknown
Date December 27, 1994 10:20 a.m. to 12:30 p.m. (IST)
Criminal penalty Unknown


The 1994 Mokokchung Massacre also referred to as Ayatia Mokokchung by the citizens of the town, took place on December 27, 1994, when forces of the 10th Assam Rifles and the 12th Maratha Light Infantry of the Indian Army raided upon civilian populace of Nagaland's Mokokchung.

The incident lasted for about 2 hours and left 89 shops, 48 houses, 17 vehicles and 7 two-wheelers razed to ashes, excluding those destroyed by gunfire and shelling. 7 civilians were gunned down, another 5 burned alive including a child, several women raped and more than a dozen gone missing.


On December 27, 1994 at around 10:20 a.m., a patrol of the 16th Maratha Light Infantry (MLI) was moving near the Police Point in Mokokchung, Nagaland. According to MLI sources, they troops were fired upon by armed insurgents which led to the death of one MLI soldier.

The MLI reacted by firing and then dousing woollen balls and other inflammable materials with fuel and started setting shops, houses and other buildings on fire.

As the shooting intensifies, the military cordoned off the civilians who were in and around the main shopping area of the town. The women and children were then made to crawl towards the open space of the Main Traffic Island whereas men were systematically tortured.


According to reports, inorder to create a fear psychosis among the people, the event was systematically premeditated to prevent any mishap to Indian Army Chief Shankar Roychowdhury as he was visiting Kohima that same day to “discuss the Law and Order problem in Nagaland” with the then Chief Minister of Nagaland, S. C. Jamir. Also earlier that day starting from around 7:00 a.m. all telephone lines in the town were mysteriously out of service which led to the apprehension that the incident was planned beforehand.


In January 2020, a number of Naga civil societies and various individuals showed their resentment against the construction of a War Memorial in Mokokchung by the Assam Rifles, one of the perpetrators of the infamous incident in the heart of the town.